TYRRELL FORD 019

Modern Formula One is over-regulated indeed. The space for technological innovation is very, very small. The team of former woodcutter Ken Tyrrell had got creative designers ever since. There had been Derek Gardner, once coming from Ferguson (where he went back when he had to recognize, that his time as a Grand Prix designer had been over). He created the first Tyrrell Ford 001 giving its debut with Jackie Stewart in the tragic Monza qualifying making Jochen Rindt loose his life. The 001 was the carbon copy of the Matra Ford MS80 that Stewart took to the title in 1969 on Dunlop tyres. For 1971 the Tyrrell team necessarily switched to Goodyear with financially satisfying contracts both for Tyrrell himself and Stewart (Dunlop had retired from Formula 1 at the end of 1970). After a troubled season finish in 1970 Tyrrell built two new cars for 1971, the 002 and the 003. With the 003 bare of any children`s desease Stewart won in Barcelona-Montjuich and Monaco, before he killed the chassis in the Daily Express Trophy of Silverstone. A new one, the 004, had been constructed immidiately and for the French Grand Prix at Paul Ricard near Avignon slick tyres entered the scene. Derek Gardner not only put an airbox to both the cars of Stewart and Cevert, but also gave the 004 a nose-scone he had inspirated by a Chevron 2-litre-sportscar. That had the task to put the wide front wheels partly into the slip-stream of that section to get better aerodynamics of the whole car. The "Gardner-nose" became so successful that it had been copied by many, many designers of single-seater racing cars far into the eighties. But when Gardner took this idea to create the Tyrrell Ford P34 six-wheeler with its 4 only 10 inch front wheels, only one Grand Prix victory (Jody Scheckter in Anderstorp/Sweden) came his way.

In 1990, nearly two decades later, history repeated for the Tyrrell team to became trend-setters again. Dr Harvey Postletwaite, who died in spring 1999 of an cardiac infarction when running the Honda Research & Development operation, had designed the Tyrrell Ford 018 of 1989 for Michele Alboreto and Dr Jonathan Palmer. With the baking of Camel young Jean Alesi gave his Grand Prix debut in Paul Ricard that year with a sensational fourth place. As the first Formula 1 car ever the 018 had the air-box made as a roll bar becoming a model for the 2000 generation of Grand Prix cars. At the beginning of the 1990 season at Phoenix/USA Jean Alesi qualified 4th with the B-version of the 018 to take the lead immidiately after the start from pole sitter Gerhard Berger in the McLaren Honda. After a 35-lap-lead Alesi was overtaken by Ayrton Senna, but he brought the Tyrrell Ford home in a fantastic second place. For the San Marino Grand Prix in May that year the evolutionary version of the 018B, the 019 was available for Alesi and his teammate Satoru Nakajima from Japan. Dr Harvey Postlethwaite did not make many changes in the design of the chassis with the exception of the high nose to optimize airflow under the car (see drawing below) for better ground effect.

 

 

 

 

 

 

In Monaco 1990 Jean Alesi qualified 3rd with the 019 and brought the car home again 2nd only one second behind Ayrton Senna in the McLaren Honda. The V10s of the Japanese car manufacturer were scheduled to be transfered to the Tyrrell team for 1991 as the McLarens wanted to switch to Honda V12s. That was the reason why Satoru Nakajima even became teammate of Alesi in 1990. The Tyrrell Honda 020 (driven by Stefano Modena from Italy and Nakajima in 1991) had a similar design to that of the 019 Ford powered chassis. Expectations were high respecting the fact that the engine was worldchampionship-winning and the sponsorship of Braun gave financial support. But only a single second place of Modena in the Canadian Grand was the best result in the whole season making Braun withdraw and Honda transfer their engines to Footwork. In spite that the design of the Tyrrell 019 became a model for many following cars of other constructors in the entire world of single-seater racing as it had been done by the 004 version some two decades before.

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Satoru Nakajima (1990)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jean Alesi (1990)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tyrrell Honda 020 (1991)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Williams Renault FW14 (1991)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Benetton Ford B191 (1991)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Footwork Ford FA12 (1991)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

McLaren Mercedes MP4/11 (1996)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tyrrell Ford 019 Year: 1990 Designer: Dr Harvey Postlethwaite Chassis: Tyrrell carbon fibre monocoque Engine: Ford Cosworth DFV 3.5l V8 Gearbox: Tyrrell manual five speed Tyres: Pirelli Drivers: Satoru Nakajima/JPN No.3, Jean Alesi/F No.4 Sponsors: EPSON, PIAA, Nippon Shinpan, essilor, Marlboro Best Grid Position: 3rd (Alesi in Monaco 1990) Best Finish: 2nd (Alesi in Monaco 1990)

 

 

 

2000 by researchracing

 

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